Report: Timeline Events

         Description: Timeline Events


Matches 1 to 50 of 151

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# evyear endyear evtitle evdetail
1 0907    Destruction of the Great Moravian Empire  Destruction of the Great Moravian Empire by Magyars. 
2 0935    Saint Wenceslaus  In 935, 19 year old Knight Vaclav, Christian heir to the Bohemian throne, prince of the Premsylid family, was assassinated in Stara Boleslav, North of Prague on his step-brother Boleslav's orders. Later he was canonized as St. Wenceslaus, and became the patron saint of the Czech people. 
3 0962    Holy Roman Empire established  Holy Roman Empire established. 
4 1000    Iron plow invented  Iron plow invented in Lower Rhine region, resulting in increase in food production, leading to population growth and German emigration to the east, into Bohemia and Hungary, and to the Crusades. 
5 1031    Czech crown lands  Crown lands of Bohemia joined with the Margrave of Moravia; Bohemia and Moravia permanently joined together as the Czech crown lands. 
6 1085    Premyslid dynasty  Vratislav II was granted the royal crown and became the first Czech King starting the Premyslid dynasty. 
7 1139    Zeliv Monastery  http://www.fotohistorie.cz/Zlinsky/Zlin/Zlin/Default.aspx - Kanonie Premonstratu v Zelive, Zeliv, Pelhrimov, Vysocina - Founded in the 12th Century by Premyslid Prince Sobeslav I and his wife Adelaide for the monks of Benedictine Order from abbey in Sazava, in 1149 replaced by Premonstratensians from Steinfeld in Rhineland. In 1420 and 1424 monastery was captured and destroyed by the Hussites. It was partially reconstructed. The owners of the domain, family Trcka, built new residence Trcka Castle in the precinct. The control of Premonstratensians was reinstated at the end of the 16th century. In 17th century, the monastery was rebuilt into the Barogue style and finished in 1688 by G A Maggi. After a fire in 1712 the buildings were reconstructed under the design of G Santini and the church was rebuilt in the Baroque Gothic style. In the beginning of the 20th century, the last modification of the monastery was in the Neo-Renaissance style. The central building is the Church of the Nativity of Virgin Mary. It adjoins with the originally Early-Baroque convent built between 1652 - 1688. The courtyard is enclosed between the former prelature (southern part) and Trcka's Castle with a tower (northern part). Not far from the monastery is located, the single-aisled Church of Saints Peter and Paul. It dates from the first half of the 12th century, between 1712 - 1719 it was renewed and then restored in 1930. During the communist era, till 1989, the monastery was first used in 1950 as in internment camp for priests and monks, and from 1957 - 1992 as a mental sanatorium. In May 1991 the Premonstratensians returned and reconstructed the monastery. Both churches and Trcka's Castle are open to the public. (VOPALENSKY family of village Dusejov and surrounding villages of Opatov, etc., all villages belonged to monastery until 15th century.) 
8 1212    Golden Bull of Sicily  Holy Roman King Frederick II issued the Golden Bull of Sicily, which affirmed the Independence of the Bohemian Kingdom and established the hereditary and heraldic and title of King. German colonists are invited by the Bohemian King to settle in the Czech crown lands. 
9 1306    Premyslid dynasty ends  Premyslid dynasty ends with the death of King Wenceslaus III. 
10 1335  1350  Black Death (Bubonic Plaque)  Black Death (Bubonic Plague) 50-75 percent of Europe's population is wiped out. Emigration to the east ceases for a long time. 
11 1415    Jan Hus died  6 Jul 1415, Czech reformer Jan Hus was burned at the stake in Constance (located in Switzerland). Jan Hus conducted sermons in Czech (so ordinary people could understand) about Catholic Church corruption. He preached against extreme wealth and hierarchical tendencies (the idea that nobles are better then common people). In 1402 is was put in charge of the Bethlehem Chapel in Prague (established in 1391). 
12 1420  1434  Hussite Wars  Hussite Wars. The Hussites build a new fortified town at Tabor as their fortress headquarters. 
13 1458    King George of Podebrady elected  Hussites elect a Czech Protestant, George of Podebrady as the country's new king. 
14 1492    Christopher Columbus  Christopher Columbus sails to North America. 
15 1526    King Ferdinand I  Czech lands became part of Hapsburg monarchy, Ferdinand I elected as Czech King. 
16 1531    Oldest Parish Book  1531 Oldest parish book in Pilsen State Regional Archives. 1558 Oldest parish book in Litomerice State Regional Archives. 1571 Oldest parish book in Land Archives in Opava. 1573 Oldest parish book in Prague State Regional Archives. 1579 Oldest parish book in Moravian Land Archives in Brno. 1584 Oldest parish book in Prague Municipal Archives. 1587 Oldest parish book in Trebon and Zamarsk State Regional Archives.  
17 1545  1563  Counil Of Trent  Roman Catholic Council of Trent, promted by the Protestant Reformation, lead to the reform of the Roman Catholic Church, and required all Catholic Churches in Europe to record baptisms and marriages. 
18 1601  1848  Vetrny Jenikov estate  http://www.fotohistorie.cz/Vysocina/Jihlava/Vetrny_Jenikov/Default.aspx - Vetrny Jenikov, Jihlava, Vysocina; dates beginning in 1226; in 1601 purchased with 22 surrounding villages from Trcku family by knight Mathias Stubik of Konigstejna (a patrician family from Jihlava). Stubik sold in 1619. Including villages of Zbinohy, Bukova, Mysletin, Vorlovy, Opatov, Polanky, Dudin, Simanov, Zbilidy, Sejdorf, Uhorilka, Usobi, Chyska. In 1719 purchased by knight Jan Minetti (Italian merchant). Built statue of Saint John of Nepomuk, and on pedastal is carved the crest of Minetti. In 1721 established quilds to uplift the status of local craftsmen. In 1838 purchased by Earl Rumerskirchu. Since abolition of serfs in 1848, known as Vetrny Jenikov estate. A market town with 6 annual fairs. Jenikov castle is now the seat of the Municipal Office. (VOPALENSKY family of village Dusejov and surrounding villages of Opatov, etc., all villages belonged to estate until 1848.) 
19 1614    The Ritual Romanorum  Roman Catholic Church Proclamation mandating recording in Catholic Churches of baptisms, marriages and deaths. 
20 1618  1648  Thiry Years War  Thirty Years War begins with defenestration of Prague in 1618 and ends in 1648 with Treaty of Westphalia. About one third of the total Czech population died during this tragic time. Germany and Bohemia are devastated by warring factions and many church registers are lost. In 1618, local Bohemian Protestant nobles became enraged when Catholic King Ferdinand II reneged on promises of religious freedom. And they stormed Kradcany Castle and threw the 3 Catholic Habsburg regents (councilors who were opponents of the Reformation) out of a window in the castle in Prague, into the moat, thus triggering the Thirty Years' War. 
21 1619    King Frederick V elected  The Protestant Frederick V (elector palatine of the Rhine: is elected king by the rebellious Bohemian nobles. 
22 1620    Battle of Bila Hora (White Mountain)  The Czech Estates and people lost the battle (west of Prague) to the Imperial Austrian army and Catholic mercenaries who then forced most of the Czech nobility and educated classes to leave their country. The end of the brief reign of Frederick V in Bohemia. With Hapsburg support in Bohemia, the Catholics defeated the Protestants. 
23 1620    Mayflower  Mayflower compact establishing Plymouth Plantation Colony in Massachusetts, North America. 
24 1627    Parish Chvojnov  Chvojnov, Pelhrimov, Pelhrimov, Vysocina; (VOPALENSKY family of village Dusejov and surrounding villages of Opatov, etc. Records are in Church of Chvojnov parish for years books of 1627, 1653, 1667. Records are in Trebon archive. NEED TO LOCATE AND PROVIDE LINK.) 
25 1645    Treaty of Linz  Treaty of Linz, recognition of four religions: Catholicism, Lutheranism, Calvinish, and Unitarianism. 
26 1651    Soupis Poddanych Podle Viry Z Roku 1651  Register of Subjects According To Their Religion: A list of Catholics and of those who thought they might become Catholic, after the Thirty Years War (VOPALENSKY in in Vetrny Jenikov estate). Records in Prague archive. Books published with the lists available at CGSI library. 
27 1654    Berni Rula 1654  Berni Rula - Land Registration for Taxation. A General Register To All Volumes (published and heretofore unpublished) of the tax rolls from the year 1654 supplemented (where tax rolls were not preserved) with censuses of serfs from the year 1651. Volume 1 A-L and Volume 2 M-Z. Records in Prague archive. Books published with the lists available at CGSI library. First registry of Roll of Assessment in Bohemia. 
28 1656    Hide Registry  First Hide Registry assessment in Moravia began and ended in 1657. 
29 1657    Revizitace Berni Ruly  1657; Records in Prague archive. Books published with the lists may be available at CGSI library. 
30 1669    Hide Registry  Second Hide Registry assesssment in Moravia began and ended in 1679. 
31 1680    Feudal labour laws demand corvee  Feudal labour laws demanding corvee (compulsory unpaid labour) are imposed by the Habsburgs on the Czech peasants of Bohemia. 
32 1683    Moravia plundered by Turkish armies  Vienna was surrounded by Turkish armies, and Moravia was plundered before they were forced back to the Balkans. 
33 1684    Second Roll of Assessment  Second Roll of Assessment in Bohemia. 
34 1703    First Czech Census  First Czech Census 
35 1720    Military Map - Muller's Map  1720 Bohemia and 1716 Moravia; Bohemia map no. 19 for VOPALENSKY family of Dusejov (Tuschegow) at: http://oldmaps.geolab.cz/map_viewer.pl?z_height=330&lang=en&z_width=700&z_newwin=1&map_root=mul&map_region=ce&map_list=c019 
36 1730    Church Registration  Catholic Priests ordered to record non-Catholics in the Catholic church registers. 
37 1733    Maria Theresa  12 May 1733, Maria Theresa was crowned Queen of Bohemia in Prague. On 29 Oct 1740, Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia upon the death of her father, Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI. On 18 Dec 1774, Empress Maria Theresa expelled Jews from Prague, Bohemia and Moravia. 
38 1740  1748  War of Austrian Succession  War of Austrian Succession. In 1741 French and Bavarian forces join the war against Austria, marching through upper Austria into Bohemia, entering Prague (one of the most important cities in the Austrian empire). Austria against France, Prussia, Spain and Bavaria. 
39 1756  1763  Seven Years War  Seven Years War between Austria and Prussia from 1756 to 1763. Austria, aligned with Russia, France and Silesia, fought against Prussia for control of Silesia. 
40 1764  1783  Military Map - 1st Military Survey  1764 - 1768 and 1780 - 1783; 1st Military Survey of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia (Hapsburg monarchy); Bohemia map no. 214 for VOPALENSKY family of Dusejov (Duschegow) at: http://oldmaps.geolab.cz/map_viewer.pl?z_height=330&lang=en&z_width=700&z_newwin=1&map_root=1vm&map_region=ce&map_list=c214 
41 1768    Duty to keep military parish books  Duty to keep military parish books. 
42 1770    House numbering  Houses in the monarchy numbered with the descriptive numbers and instruction about stable surnames issued. 
43 1771    Catholic Church records  New standardized format for Catholic church records introduced. 
44 1776    Declaration of Independence  American Revolution - Declaration of Independence 
45 1778  1779  War Of Bavarian Succession  Austria fought Prussia and Saxony for control of the Duchy of Bavaria. 
46 1781    Patent of Tolerance issued  Patent of Tolerance issued, allowing religions other than the Catholic faith to be practiced throughout the Austrian Empire, recognizing Protestantism and Judaism. 
47 1784    Church registers declared valid public records  Church registers declared valid public records and the keeping of birth, marriage and death records standaridized (columns with headings). The Catholic parishes made responsible for recording birth, marriage and death records for people of all religions. 
48 1787    Mozart  Mozart's opera Don Giovanni has its premiere in Prague. 
49 1787    Protestans authorized to keep own registers  Protestans authorized to keep their own registers independent of Catholic control. And in 1829 Protestant churches allowed to keep parish books by law. 
50 1788    Jews required to keep own registers  Jews required to keep their own registers under the Catholic supervision. 


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